Geographic Analysis

| last update: 2017-08-20


Name Type License Comment
QGIS Desktop-GIS Open Source
GRASS Desktop-GIS Open Source The Geographic Resources Analysis Support System (GRASS) is an open source GIS programme under the GNU General Public License (GPL).
ArcGIS Desktop-GIS proprietary by ESRI / commercial market leader
MapInfo Desktop-GIS proprietary
Intergraph Desktop-GIS proprietary
Idrisi Desktop-GIS proprietary
AutoCAD Map 3D Desktop-GIS proprietary

A very good tutorial in german language can be found at

Correcting Geographic Data

"Google I/O 2013 - Project Ground Truth: Accurate Maps Via Algorithms and Elbow Grease": two Google representatives explain which internal tools they use to improve quality of geographic data.

Remote Sensing



  • John D. Bossler et al. (Editor) (20102) "Manual of Geospatial Science and Technology"
  • in german:
    • Albertz, Jörg (2001) "Einführung in die Fernerkundung. Grundlagen der Interpretation von Luft- und Satellitenbildern"

Geo Data

Data Sources

Geography Journals

Emphasis on human geography

GEODOK : Database / Bibliography!